Historical Origin And Design Inspiration
The Grand Palais des Champs-Elys?es, commonly known as the Grand Palais (English: Great Palace), is a large historic site, exhibition hall and museum complex located at the Champs-?lys?es in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France. Construction of the Grand Palais began in 1897 following the demolition of the Palais de l’Industrie (Palace of the Industry) as part of the preparation works for the Universal Exposition of 1900, which also included the creation of the adjacent Petit Palais and Pont Alexandre III.
The structure was built in the style of Beaux-Arts architecture as taught by the ?cole des Beaux-Arts of Paris. The building reflects the movement’s taste for ornate decoration through its stone facades, the formality of its floor planning and the use of techniques that were innovative at the time, such as its glass vault, its structure made of iron and light steel framing, and its use of reinforced concrete.
One of its pediments calls it a ?monument dedicated by the Republic to the glory of French art?, reflecting its original purpose, that of housing the great artistic events of the city of Paris. The competition to choose the architect was fierce and controversial, and ultimately resulted in the contract being awarded to a group of four architects, Henri Deglane, Albert Louvet, Albert Thomas and Charles Girault, each with a separate area of responsibility.
The main space, almost 240 metres long, was constructed with an iron, steel and glass barrel-vaulted roof, making it the last of the large transparent structures inspired by London?s Crystal Palace that were necessary for large gatherings of people before the age of electricity. The main space was originally connected to the other parts of the palace along an east-west axis by a grand staircase in a style combining Classical and Art Nouveau, but the interior layout has since been somewhat modified.
The exterior of this massive palace combines an imposing Classical stone fa?ade with a riot of Art Nouveau ironwork, and a number of allegorical statue groups including work by sculptors Paul Gasq, Camille Lef?vre, Alfred Boucher, Alphonse-Am?d?e Cordonnier and Raoul Verlet. A monumental bronze quadriga by Georges R?cipon tops each wing of the main fa?ade. The one on the Champs-?lys?es side depicts Immortality prevailing over Time, the one on the Seine side Harmony triumphing over Discord.
The grand inauguration took place May 1, 1900, and from the very beginning the palace was the site of different kinds of shows in addition to the intended art exhibitions. These included a riding competition that took place annually from 1901 to 1957, but were mainly dedicated to innovation and modernity: the automobile, aviation, household appliances, and so on. The golden age of the art exhibitions as such lasted for some thirty years, while the last took place in 1947. The first major Matisse retrospective after his death was held at the Grand Palais from April 22, 1970 to September 21, 1970 and was an incredible success.
The structure itself, however, had problems that started even before it was completed, mainly as a result of subsidence caused by a drop in the water table. The builders attempted to compensate for this subsidence, and for a tendency of the ground to shift, by sinking supporting posts down to firmer soil, since construction could not be delayed. These measures were, however, only partially successful.
Further damage occurred once the building was in use. Excessive force applied to structural members during the installation of certain exhibitions such as the Exposition Internationale de la Locomotion A?rienne caused damage, as did acid runoff from the horse shows.
Additional problems due to the construction of the building itself revealed themselves over the course of time. Differential rates of expansion and contraction between cast iron and steel members, for example, allowed for water to enter, leading to corrosion and further weakening. When finally one of the glass ceiling panels fell in 1993, the main space had to be closed for restoration work, and was not fully reopened to the public until 2007.
Today A little known fact is that the Grand Palais has a major police station in the basement which helps protect the exhibits on show in the Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, and particularly the picture exhibition “Salons” as the Salon de la Soci?t? Nationale des Beaux Arts, Salon d’Automne and Salon Comparaisons. The building’s west wing also contains a science museum, the Palais de la D?couverte.
Most Designs Used Today Were Conceived Hundreds Of Years Ago By Some Of The Worlds Most Famous Architects And Designers Working For The Aristocracies And The Well To Do Of Their Period. </div id=”red12″>Many of these architects and designers are as well known as Leonardo da Vinci (renaissance architecture) or Michelangelo,s (baroque architecture) as well as more recently William Morris, John Ruskin (founders of the Arts and Crafts furniture movement in circa 1800 England) Gustave Stickley (founder of the American Arts and Crafts movement in America circa 1900.) Frank Loyd Wright, Charles and Henry Greene to name a few.
Every Successful Creative Enterprise Is Always Built On A Foundation That Was Laid Down By Its Predecessors.</div id=”red12″> All creative people are dependent upon the groundwork laid down by those who came before them. H. J. Nick, artist and direct descendant of the Marbella brothers, and ArtFactory.com have built on these foundations and have raised the bar of quality even higher. Thus setting a new standard and offering the finest one of a kind handmade furnishings found anywhere in the world in the 21st century.
Today Our Master Craftsman Build All Of Our Products Using The Identical Methods And Materials Of The Historical Period Of Each Furnishings Design Conception.</div id=”red14″>
All 21st Century Designs Are Also Built By Our Master Craftsman Using These Classic Traditional Methods.</div id=”red14″>
Whether We Build Products For Your Modern Dream Home Or Ancient Castle </div id=”red14″>every element Is always built to future collectable antiquity investment quality standards and will stand the test of time. Destined to become a part of your families appreciating financial net worth as well as a proud to own legacy heirloom.
Order As Original Works Or Limited Edition
We Are A “One Stop Shop”.</div id=”red14″> Many of our clients commission furniture For every room, doors, gates, built-in cabinets, lighting and hardware for their entire project. For Example: We are capable of starting with your entrance door design style or personalized carving coat of arms, family crest or business logo and bring this design in a tastefully elegant way in to you interior and exterior lighting fixtures, entrance doors, Interior doors, cabinets, structural elements, entrance gates or furnishings for every room. Making your home a unique piece of your families tradition and legacy.
Many of the worlds finest builders, architects, interior designers, as well business and home owners choose ArtFactory.com. Due to our large flexible American work force and our ability to manufacture coinciding with construction deadlines.</div id=”red14″> Note: We do not import or out source allowing us total control of our supreme quality as well as your production requirements.
Product Details As Shown
Order Any Iron Design, Built To Your Specifications
Our Factory Designers Are Expert At Manufacturing Our Products And Are Not Salesman.
We “Only” Provide Accurate Facts About Each Product We Build. We Also Instruct Our Designers To Provide You Factual Comparison Product Information When Possible With Out Bias Or Hype.</div id=”red12″> Due to the vast array of Name Brand American Manufacturers that have in recent years sold out the public for higher profits with out regard for quality. Begining with the use of cheap foreign labor manufacturing along with pressed boards , veneers, and other low quality fake materials duplicating- coping the worlds famous quality designs without good conscience or regard for your future use requirements Not To Mention The Loss Of Your Hard Earned Investment.
Fact : These Types Of Products Will Never Become Heirlooms Or An Appreciable Assets – They Are Simply Furture Yard Sale Or Dumpster Fodder
Our Factory Designers Are Instructed Educate To Allow A Informed Decision
It Is Our Experience, Customers Informed And Educated Make SAF Their Choice
There Is Never A Charge For Re-design
Every Door You Order Includes Your Choice Of Hand Rubbed Fine Furniture Finishes & Textures
Hand Rubbed Furniture Finish Details As Shown:
Color: Tar 1-2, Outdoor Oil – Light Distress Northern White Exotic Cedar. Our finish process includes five to ten coats of hand rubbed furniture quality clear oils or water based non-toxic lacquers. It is applied, cured, rubbed and re-applied depending upon whether your order is Limited Edition or old growth Original works. Every surface of this product is fine finished including the under sides and hidden areas.
These doors are built to investment family heirloom quality and are finished to be virtually maintenance free and will stand the test of time. You may choose the natural color or from over 400 standard stain colors, or computer color match to any stain color from a sample you provide. Most of our finishes are water based and earth friendly. You may order any single color or texture finish at no extra charge. Fine Finish Information:
Important details about our finish process: patinas, sealants and wood finishes.
Security Grills – Motion Panels – Ornamental Iron Overlays
Your Choice Of Artistic Hand Forged Door Pulls Is Unlimited
Your Choices Of Hand Forged Decorative Hardware Are Unlimited
All Steel Is Coal Fired, Hammered By Master Blacksmiths The Old Fashioned Way And Patina Finished.
At ArtFactory.com, we take pride in our traditional, superior quality workmanship and craft our products from only the finest iron. Our master blacksmiths have been classically trained, and utilize old world techniques such as coal firing, anvil hammering and hand forging to create the finest handcrafted hardware available anywhere. All of our iron work is hand patina finished by heat applying iron oxides to achieve a natural patina finish that will stand the test of time.
Nothing is Drop Forged. We Create Works The Old Fashioned Way using solid hand forged iron, (drop forging is a poor quality, casted copy of a hand forged work of art).
The kind of hand forged metal work you can expect when you order from ArtFactory.com.
All Our Hand Forged Iron Is Hand Patina Finished To Stand The Test Of Time
Patina Finish As Shown: Various Colors Of Hand Applied Iron Oxide Patinas. All iron parts are hand patina finished the old fashioned way by iron oxide hand applied with high temperature heat. We never powder coat or faux paint our steel, it has been our experience that paint and powder coating methods do not hold up over time. You may choose from many natural iron oxide colors, and all our patina finishes are water based and earth friendly. You may order any single color or texture finish at no extra charge. Every surface of this hardware is finely finished including the under sides and hidden areas. Each item is finished to be virtually maintenance free and to age with grace to stand the test of time.
All SAF Railing, Door & Gate Engineering Exceeds Commercial & Hurricane Requirements.
We Guarantee Each Item “Forever” ” No Questions Asked, backed by over nine decades of fine craftsmanship.
ArtFactory.com carries on the American Arts And Crafts Movement of the 21st century,
in the same way William Morris and John Ruskin (founders of the Arts and Crafts furniture movement in circa 1800 England) inspired Gustave Stickley (founder of the American Arts and Crafts movement) in America circa 1900. Frank Loyd Wright, Charles and Henry Greene (inspired architects of the ultimate cottages such as the Gamble House in Pasadena California
) are credited with raising quality standard to its highest level in their day. All of these great master craftsman also inspired the Marbella Brothers in the early 20th Century (founders of SAF circa 1913).
Every creative enterprise is always built on a foundation that was laid down by its predecessors. Creative people are also dependent on the groundwork laid down by those who came before them. H. J. Nick, artist and direct descendant of the Marbella brothers, and ArtFactory.com have built on these foundations and have raised the bar of quality even higher. Thus setting a new standard and offering the finest one of a kind handmade furnishings found anywhere in the world in the 21st century.
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More about the history of ArtFactory.com and the American furniture movement of the 21st century.